27
2017
04

亚洲有哪些动物? What are the animals in Asia?

与欧洲、北美洲和非洲动物界之间有着密切联系,如亚洲和欧洲、北美洲具有同一的苔原动物群和亚寒带针叶林动物群,并有很多共有的种属。在苏伊士运河开凿前及红海形成以前,亚非联成一体,便于动物来往、两洲有共同的动物,如狮、豹、象、犀、猴等。亚澳之间动物联系极少。苏拉威西岛和龙目岛以西为亚洲型动物,新几亚岛和澳大利亚大陆为澳洲型动物,而小巽他群岛和苏拉威西岛的动物,具有两洲间的过渡类型。亚洲动物区系属全北区和印度马来亚区,绝大部分属全北区,动物种类成分较贫乏。印度马来亚区,动物种类丰富,但区域面积不大。

亚洲全北区有5个亚区。北极亚区分布于北冰洋沿岸和苔原地区。主要是苔原动物群,种类贫乏,但同种动物个体数量多,北冰洋沿岸,栖息着以鱼类为食的鸟类,并分布着白熊、海豹、海象等动物。大陆苔原带生活着驯鹿、北极狐、田鼠等。西伯利亚区主要在亚寒带针叶林带,动物群种类比较贫乏,代表动物有麋、棕熊等大型动物以及黑貂、红狐、松鼠等小型动物。

东北—中国亚区,包括中国东部,日本和俄罗斯远东南部,主要为东亚温带阔叶林和亚热带常绿阔叶林动物群。动物种类较为丰富,主要有花鼠、黑线姬鼠等啮齿类动物以及东北虎、豹、狐等食肉类动物,还有梅花鹿、麅、野猪等。鸟类有丹顶鹤、锦鸡等。

中亚亚区位于亚洲内陆,主要是温带草原和荒漠动物群。多善奔驰的食草动物,如羚羊、瞪羚、野驴、野马等。穴居动物很多。高山地区有牦牛,西藏羚羊和雪豹等。地中海区为过渡性动物区。


印度马来亚区包括印度—中南半岛亚区和马来亚区。主要为热带森林动物群。种类丰富,拥有不少特有的高级类群,如哺乳类鳞甲目,长鼻目,狭鼻猴类、獭猴科的一些动物,代表动物有亚洲象、爪哇虎、马来貘、孔雀等。爬行类、两栖类等动物种类特别繁盛。


EN:

There is a close link between Europe, North America and the African animal Kingdom, such as Asia and Europe, North America and the same tundra fauna and boreal coniferous forest fauna, and there are many common species. Before the Suez Canal dug and the Red Sea Formation, the Asian non-Union into one, for easy animal intercourse, two continents have common animals, such as lions, leopard, elephant, rhino, monkeys and so on. There is very little animal ties between Australia and Asia. Pulau Sulawesi and Dragon Island to the west of the Asian-type animals, the new islands and the Australian continent for Australian-type animals, while the Lesser Sunda Archipelago and Pulau Sulawesi animals, with the transition between two continents. The fauna of Asia is the whole north and the Indo-Malayan region, most of which belong to the entire north, and the animal species is poor. The Indian Malayan area is rich in animal species, but the area is small.


There are 5 Asian districts throughout the north. The Arctic region is located on the coastal and tundra areas of the Arctic Ocean. The main flora of the tundra, the species is poor, but the same species of animals, the Arctic coast, habitat on fish-eating birds, and distribution of white bears, seals, walruses and other animals. The continental tundra is living with reindeer, Arctic foxes, voles, etc. The Siberian region is mainly in the frigid coniferous forest belt, the animal species is relatively poor, representing animals have moose, brown bears and other large animals as well as sable, red fox, squirrels and other small animals.


Northeast-China Asia, including eastern China, Japan and the south of the Russian Far East, mainly for East Asia temperate broad-leaved forest and subtropical evergreen broad-leaved forest fauna. Animal species are richer, mainly in mice, black Ji Shu and other rodents as well as Siberian tiger, leopard, fox and other meat animals, and sika deer, Shan, wild boar, etc. Birds have red-crowned cranes and Caragana.


The Central Asian region is located inland in Asia, mainly temperate steppe and desert fauna. Many good-Benz herbivores, such as antelope, gazelle, wild asses, wild horses and so on. There are many burrowing animals. The Alpine region has yak, Tibetan antelope and snow leopard. The Mediterranean area is a transitional animal.




The Malayan region of India includes Indo-Indochina Asia and the Malay region. Mainly tropical forest fauna. Rich species, with a number of unique high-level groups, such as mammals scale, long nose, narrow nose monkey, Rex monkey Some animals, representing animals have Asian elephant, Java tiger, Ma Laimo, Peacock and so on. Reptiles, amphibians and other animal species are particularly prosperous.

« 上一篇 下一篇 »

发表评论:

◎欢迎参与讨论,请在这里发表您的看法、交流您的观点。